Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot are two very popular wines that are significantly widespread blends throughout the world. Originating in Bordeaux France, these two grape varieties can be defined as perfect which is no surprise as to why they are used in many international blends. Cabernet Sauvignon gives great elegance and longevity to wines, while Merlot returns a solid note early on, making straightforward and snappy which is what gives it its personality.
Let’s take a closer look at Cabernet Sauvignon. It is the perfect base for elegant wines, intense and lively in color, with aromatic scents, smooth but well-balanced tannins and balanced by excellent freshness. It is this latter characteristic that ensures that wines based on this grape variety are destined for longevity, sometimes arriving safely at 15-20 years of age (if not even later, if very well preserved). Often used in combination with Merlot or other “free range” grape varieties to give roundness and elegance, Cabernet Sauvignon is often vinified in purity. Many Super Tuscans such as Farnito are made 100% from these grapes. They are often appreciated for their “aristocratic” and pleasant drink, as well as for their resistance to time. A bouquet of complex and fascinating aromas, from aromatic to vegetal, the Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the most widespread and sought-after clusters in the world.
Merlot has been cultivated in the Gironde area of France since the 18th century and has slowly spread to every corner of the globe. Italy has particularly been quite fond of this grape variety over the centuries, growing it in regions such as Friuli, Veneto, Trentino and Tuscany, acting as a trailblazer for cultivation of this variety. Grosseto and Bolgheri Maremma in Tuscany have a particular affinity towards this grape when it comes to producing some of the most prestigious wines in the world such as Super Tuscans with Merlot in purity creating excellence in a bottle. These two grape varieties tend to produce full-bodied, dense and elegant wines which even complement each other in blends. The international spread of these grapes is also part due to their versatility and adaptability to climate and terroir. They are generally grown on hilly terrain, in good humidity that is not subject to draught. This is why Italy – especially southern Italy – has become a second home to both of these grape varieties.